Source: Ontario Provincial Police at Marine Safety
If you don't wear it, it won't work. OPP data continues to show that eight out of ten victims who die in fatal boating incidents are not wearing a Personal Floatation Device (PFD). Many boaters who drown believe they are good swimmers, so they think having a PFD on board and within easy reach is good enough. But, most drownings happen unexpectedly when small boats capsize or someone falls overboard and can’t grab that PFD.
Don't Drink and Boat
Drinking while boating is just as dangerous as drinking and driving and the very same laws apply. If you are caught operating a motorized or non-motorized vessel while impaired, you will also lose your ability to operate your motor vehicle. Drinking alcohol on boats is only allowed when the boat has sleeping, cooking and washroom facilities and is anchored or docked.
Know Your Boat
Familiarize yourself with the boat you are operating and be prepared. Most calls for assistance are due to mechanical breakdowns. When operating a non-motorized vessel, have safety equipment onboard such as a sound signalling device, flashlight, floating rope, and bailing bucket.
Be Wary of the Weather
Boaters should check the weather before heading out on the water and know how to interpret weather changes while on the water. Sudden changes in weather can occur without warning in many parts of the province. Sudden changes in wind can be particularly dangerous since this can quickly create high waves.
Many small pleasure craft are not designed to handle any great amount of wind and waves and can be easily swamped or capsized. When the forecast is poor, plan to stay ashore.
Cold water is also a factor all boaters should understand and prepare for, but little do. Death from sudden cold water immersion happens very, very quickly. When suddenly immersed, the first reaction is a sudden uncontrollable gasp, followed by 1 to 3 minutes of hyperventilation which will lead to the rapid onset of severe hypothermia.
The colder the water, the higher the death rates. Weather changes and water conditions never remain constant.